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Posts Tagged ‘National Land Policy’

Policy makers call for recognition of inherited lands

Vientiane Times, August 25, 2016
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_Policy.htm

Draft land policy has ‘no problems,’ lawmaker says

Vientiane Times, 25 April 2015.

A senior official at the National Assembly (NA) has asserted that the content of the draft National Land Policy has no problems, despite the fact it has been put on hold and has not been yet approved by the NA. The drafted policy, which stipulates reasonable compensation based on market prices whenever people’s lands are affected by investment projects, was submitted to the NA’s fifth ordinary session in July 2013 for debate. But it was not approved by the then session.

No concessions without consent, working group says

Vientiane Times, 4 November 2014
The national land regulations, including the National Land Policy and Land Law must be explicit in regulating and how and when land can be expropriated and it should be only made possible for public purposes.
 The statement was one of the key messages the Land Sub-sector Working Group (LSSWG) conveyed to the National Resources and Environment Sector Working Group (NRESWG) during preparations for the upcoming Round Table Implementation Meeting to be held in Vientiane this month.
The message was disseminated at the sector working group held yesterday in Vientiane, where Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment Ms Bounkham Vorachit, Country Manager of the World Bank Ms Sally Birmingham and Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Laos Michael Grau were in attendance. The LSSWG gave the recommendation concerning the land tenure security for Lao citizens and protection of the investments made in the country.
 Land issues have been longstanding in Laos for many years, while the National Land Policy which the government has been drafting for years was not approved despite having been brought for discussion at sector working group meetings and tabled at the National Assembly on numerous occasions.
Land concessions and the compensation paid to those who lose their land were the most frequently raised land issues with the public expressing its opinion that compensation should be paid at market rates.
 As the result of its work presented at the meeting held on October 14, the land issues sub-sector working group strongly recommended that legislation must make clear that land ownership or land use rights can only be revoked with the free, prior, and informed consent of the affected land rights holders.
 However, an exemption will be made for land resumptions that directly and primarily benefit the general public and provided that the affected parties receive, full, fair, and prior compensation.In addition, this must be applied to both individually and communally held land, be it land under customary ownership or with a formal title.
 Private purpose land use transfers on communal lands shall only be implemented if agreed upon by consent of a minimum of two-thirds (but ideally 80 percent) majority of all affected land use rights holders.
 The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has been assigned as the government’s secretariat on natural resources and the environment and thereby oversees the NRESWG under the government round table meeting process. At the meeting yesterday, NRESWG joined with development partners to review the draft vision towards 2030 for the natural resources and environment sector and the plan for the period from 2016 to 2020 before submitting them to the round table process and incorporation into the National Socio-Economic Plan for the next five years.

Govt aims to deal with land disputes

Vientiane Times, 8 August 2014

Policy developers are exploring ways to deal with land disputes and precautionary measures to prevent issues from arising in the wake of land leases and concessions for investment projects. Representatives from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Planning and Investment and their provincial departments along with officials from the Ministry of Home Affairs met yesterday in Vientiane to discuss possible solutions.

Experts from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) were invited to share lessons on various land-related topics including economic appraisal techniques for state land concessions and leases, as well as social and gender risk assessment for state land concessions and leases.

Expropriation: Recommendations to draft National Land Policy

LIWG, 12 June 2014

In a recent meeting of the Natural Resources and Environment Sector Working Group (NRE-SWG), the Land Tenure Security informal focal group, along with several meeting participants, raised concerns over the wording in the recent National Land Policy draft. The February 2014 draft of the Policy specifically gives the State the right to expropriate land for private investment purposes, i.e. not only for public purposes.

The Land Tenure Security focal group is concerned that, if approved, the draft policy will undermine tenure security and risks the following impacts:

LIWG Supports Development of the Lao National Land Policy

LIWG, 23 May 2014

The long term LIWG work in supporting the development of the Lao National Land Policy (NLP) has continued over the past months, in cooperation with partners and stakeholders. Through extensive analysis, consultation, and research into international best practice, the LIWG has further developed its recommendations to the NLP, with the aim of enhancing utilization of land for the economic, social, cultural and spiritual advancement of the people of Laos. The NLP Handout (Eng/Lao) gives an easy-to-approach summary of our Key Recommendations.

Our main recommendation is:

Recommendations for the Lao National Land Policy

LIWG, 20 November, 2013

Since 2012, LIWG has been supporting the development of the Lao National Land Policy. A set of four key recommendations has been developed, through extensive analysis and research over a year. The four Key Recommendations are related to the areas of:

– Expropriation

– Implementation

– Customary Tenure

– Communal Land Titling

Here is a summary of what is recommended:

Policy makers explore measures to contain land occupation

Vientiane Times, 1 August, 2013

Policy makers have suggested tax increases and land occupation restrictions in order to constrain occupation of large scale of lands. The suggestion was made in the drafted National Land Policy, which was tabled at the 5th ordinary session of the National Assembly (NA)’s seventh legislature, which closed on Friday.

During the session, the law makers shared ideas to further develop the draft. During the debate it was noted that many, notably rich and influential figures have occupied considerably large areas of land. Under the draft policy, individual Lao nationals, joint venture enterprises between Lao and foreign investors and foreigners are not allowed to own land use rights to more than an appropriate area of land.

Full land rights policy expected

Vientiane Times, 1 August, 2013

Law and policy makers have recommended full recognition and ownership over land use rights for people who inherited lands from their parents over generations, even though they have no land titles. The recognition matter was debated at the fifth ordinary session of the National Assembly’s (NA) seventh legislature, which closed on Friday when the law makers shared ideas to develop the draft National Land Policy. Parliamentarians said it was the government who was slow in issuing land titles to people, notably those in rural communities.

Policy makers define clear land use areas

Vientiane Times, 31 July, 2013

Up to 4.5 million hectares of land or 19 percent of the country’s total area is earmarked to be set aside for agricultural production in order to secure food for the country’s population under a draft National Land Policy. The draft, still under development, was tabled at the fifth ordinary session of the National Assembly’s Seventh Legislature, which closed on Friday. The policy will be put out for public comment before being resubmitted to parliament for debate and eventual approval at a later date.

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