Working towards greater community control over land, forests and natural resources

Posts Tagged ‘land rights’

The Global Call to Action has now been launched!

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Newsletter Global Call to Action – 2 March 2016

The Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights around the globe! Right now, hundreds of people like you, activists, organizations and communities are hosting events, sharing tweets, and taking actions to make the Global Call to Action a success — find out what’s happening here. Don’t miss the opportunity and be part of the movement!

Common Ground: Securing land rights and safeguarding the earth
Our flagship report is out! Download it and get more information about why we need to take action now to secure Indigenous and community land rights.

Policy makers explore measures to contain land occupation

Vientiane Times, 1 August, 2013

Policy makers have suggested tax increases and land occupation restrictions in order to constrain occupation of large scale of lands. The suggestion was made in the drafted National Land Policy, which was tabled at the 5th ordinary session of the National Assembly (NA)’s seventh legislature, which closed on Friday.

During the session, the law makers shared ideas to further develop the draft. During the debate it was noted that many, notably rich and influential figures have occupied considerably large areas of land. Under the draft policy, individual Lao nationals, joint venture enterprises between Lao and foreign investors and foreigners are not allowed to own land use rights to more than an appropriate area of land.

Deputy Prime Minister stresses natural resource development

Vientiane Times, August 9, 2012

Deputy Prime Minister Asang Laoly urged leaders of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment to focus on priorities in the development of their areas of responsibility in Laos. Regarding land management, the ministry should improve the policies on land use and land title in line with the law and increase mechanisms and measures for land management in order to reduce problems, he stressed at the meeting on Tuesday in Vientiane.

NA urges govt to review land rights policy

Vientiane Times, June 27, 2012

National Assembly (NA) members have called for the government to review its land rights policy to ensure that legitimate benefits flow to local people who are affected by development projects. NA member for Khammuan province Mr Inthava Moundala told the Third Ordinary Session of the NA’s Seventh Legislature this week about how local authorities violated the rights of villagers who lost their land to development projects. He highlighted the fact that villagers who have been earning a livelihood on a piece of land for decades don’t have official title to the land. When a development project encroaches on this land, local authorities come and tell the villagers “this is not your land” and refuse to compensate the families affected. Mr Inthava pointed out that although villagers did not have a land title they had worked the land for many years and under the Lao Constitution and laws they have customary rights to the land.

ການ​ເຊົ່າ – ສໍາ​ປະທານ ທີ່​ດິນ​ໃນ​ລາວ

ພັກ ​ແລະ ລັດ​ທະ​ບານ​ລາວ​ໄດ້​ມີ​ແຜນ​ນະ​ໂຍບາຍ​ໃນ​ການ​ຫັນ​ດິນ ​ເປັນ​ທຶນ​ດ້ວຍ​ຫຼາຍ​ຮູ​ບການ. ​ໃນ​ນັ້ນ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ເປັນຮູບ​ ການ. ​ໃນ​ນັ້ນ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ເປັນ​ຮູບ​ການ​ໜຶ່ງ​ໃນ​ການ​ຫັນ​ດິນ​ເປັນ​ທຶນ. ຜູ້​ມີ​ສິດ​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ແມ່ນ: ພົນລະ​ເມືອງ​ລາວ, ຊາວ​ຕ່າງ​ດ້າວ​ຄົນ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດຜູ້​ມີ​ສັນຊາດ​ສະຖານທູດ​ອົງການ​ຈັດ​ຕັ້ງ​ສາກົນ​ນັກ​ລົງທຶນ​ພາຍ​ໃນ ​ແລະ ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດ. ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ທີ່​ສາມາດ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ໄດ້​ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ທີ່​ໄດ້​ສໍາ​ຫຼວດວັດ​ແທກ, ຈັດ​ສັນ ​ແລະ ກໍານົດ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ແຕ່ລະ​ປະ​ເພດ​ໄດ້​ສ້າງ​ແຜນ​ທີ່​ທີ່​ດິນ ​ແລະ ວາງ​ແຜນການ​ນໍາ​ໃຊ້​ທີ່​ດິນ​ແລ້ວ. ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ແຕ່​ລະ​ກິດຈະການ, ກໍານົດ​ເວລາ​ເຊົ່າ​ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ສູງ​ສຸດ​ບໍ່​ເກີນ 75 ປີ ​ເມືອ​ເຖິງ​ເວລາ​ກໍານົດ​ທີ່​ຕົກລົງ​ກັນ​ແລ້ວ ທີ່​ດິນ ​ແລະ ສິ່ງ​ປຸກ​ສ້າງ​ທັງ​ໝົດ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ດິນ​ຕອນ​ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ເປັນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ແຕ່​ໃນ​ໄລຍະ​ເວລາ​ທີ່​ຜູ້​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ນໍາ​ໃຊ້​ຕ້ອງ​ຮັບປະກັນ​ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ມີ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ແນວ​ບໍ່​ດີ​ຕໍ່​ສັງຄົມ ​ແລະ ສິ່ງ​ແວດ​ລ້ອມ ​ແລະ ປະຕິບັດ​ຢ່າງ​ຖືກຕ້ອງ​ຕາມ​ກົດໝາຍ​ໄດ້​ກໍານົດ​ໄວ້.
    ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ, ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ ​ເພື່ອ​ກິດຈະການ​ອຸດສາຫະກໍາ​ແມ່ນ​ໃຫ້​ດໍາ​ເນີນ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ຊານ​ເມືອງ ​ແລະ ​ເຂດ​ຊົນນະບົດ​ທີ່​ລັດ​ໄດ້​ຈັດ​ສັນ​ໄວ້​ສະ​ເພາະ​​ເທົ່າ​ນັ້ນ ​ແລະ ຕ້ອງ​ຮັບປະກັນ​ມາດ​ຕະການ​ໃນ​ການ​ປົກ​ປັກ​ຮັກ​ສາ​ສິ່ງ​ແວດ​ລ້ອມ ​ໂດຍ​ໃຫ້​ສອດຄ່ອງ​ກັບ​ລະບຽບ​ກົດໝາຍ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ ຂອງ​ລັດ​ເພື່ອ​ກິດຈະການ​ປູກ​ໄມ້​ອຸດ​ສະຫະ​ກໍາ ​ແລະ ພືດ​ລົ້ມລຸກ ​ແລະ ໂຮງງານ​ປຸງ​ແຕງ​ແມ່ນ​ໃຫ້​ດໍາ​ເນີນ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ຊານ​ເມືອງ ​ແລະ ​ເຂດ​ຊົນນະບົດ​ເທົ່າ​ນັ້ນ ​ແລະ ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ເພດ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ປອກ​ໂລ້ນທີ່​ດິນ​ຊຸດ​ໂຊມ​ທີ່​ບໍາສາມາດ​ຟື້ນ​ຟູ​ດ້ວຍ​ມັນ​ເອງ.
     ການ​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ເພື່ອ​ປູກ​ໄມ້, ຕົ້ນ​ໄມ້​ອຸດສາຫະກໍາ ​ແລະ ​ເຄື່ອງ​ປ່າ​ຂອງ​ດົງ​ກໍ່​ໃຫ້​ດໍາ​ເນີນ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ປ່າ​ຊຸດໂຊມ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ສາມາດ​ຟື້ນ​ຟູ​ດ້ວຍ​ດ້ວຍ​ມັນ​ເອງ​ໄດ້ ​ແລະ ດິນ​ປອກ​ໂລ້ນ​ທີ່​ລັດ​ໄດ້​ຈັດ​ສັນ​ໄວ້​ເທົ່າ​ນັ້ນ ​ແລະ ຕ້ອງ​ປະຕິບັດ​ຕາມ​ເງື່ອນ​ໄຂ​ທີ່​ກໍານົດ​ໄວ້​ໃນ​ລະບຽບ​ກົດໝາຍ.
    ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ, ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ເພື່ອ​ກິດຈະການ​ຄ້າ, ການທ່ອງ​ທ່ຽວ ​ແລະ ການ​ບໍລິການ​ແມ່ນ​ໃຫ້​ດໍາ​ເນີນ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ລັດຈັດ​ສັນ​ໄວ້​ແລ້ວ​ເພື່ອ​ແນ່​ໃສ່​ເປົ້າ​ໝາຍ​ການ​ລົງທຶນ​ໃສ່​ກິດຈະການ​ການ​ຕ່າງໆ ​ເຊັ່ນ​ປຸກ​ສ້າງ​ສູນ​ການ​ຄ້າ, ​ເຮືອນ​ພັກ, ​ໂຮງແຮມ, ສວນສາທາລະນະ​, ສະຖານ​ທີ່​ທ່ອງ​ທ່ຽວ, ​ໂຮງຮຽນ, ​ໂຮງໝໍ ຕະຫຼາດ, ສະໜາມ​ເດັກ​ຫຼີ້ນ, ສະໜາມກິລາ, ສະໜາມ​ກອບ, ສະຖານທີ່​ຂົນສົ່ງ ​ແລະ ອື່ນໆ.
   ທຸກຮູບ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ, ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ໃຫ້​ດໍາ​ເນີນ​​ໃນ​ຮູບ​ການ​ປະມູນ​ຢ່າງ​ກ້ວາງ​ຂວາງ, ຜ່ອງ​ໃສ​ໂດຍ​ຮັບປະກັນ​ຜົນ​ປະ​ໂຫຍ​ດສູງ​ສຸດ​ຂອງ​ລັດ, ຂອງ​ປະຊາຊົນ ​ແລະ ຜູ້​ລົງທຶນ, ພ້ອມ​ທັງ​ຮັບປະກັນ​ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ມີ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ທາງ​ລົບ​ຕໍ່​ສັງຄົມ ​ແລະ ສິ່ງ​ແວດ​ລ້ອມ.
   ສໍາລັບ​ຂອບ​ເຂດ​ສິດ​ອະນຸຍາດ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ, ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນຂອງ​ລັດ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ເສດຖະກິດ​ສະ​ເພາະ ​ແລະ ​ເຂດ​ເສດຖະກິດ​ພິ​ເສດເພື່ອ​ກິດຈະການ​ການ​ຄ້າ, ການທ່ອງ​ທຽວ ​ແລະ ການ​ບໍລິການນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ລັດຖະບານ​ເປັນ​ຜູ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຕາມ​ສະ​ເໜີຂອງອົງການຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງທີ່​ດິນ ​ແຫ່ງ​ຊາດ, ສໍາລັບ​ກໍານົດ​ເວລາ​ໃຫ້​ເຊົ່າ​ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ໃຫ້​ປະຕິບັດ​ຕາມ​ລະບຽບ​ກົດໝາຍ​ກໍານົດ​ໄວ້ການ​ປະ​ເມີນ​ຄ່າ​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ແມ່ນ​ອົງການ​ຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງ​ທີ່​ດິນ ​ແຫ່ງ​ຊາດ, ​ເປັນ​ຜູ້​ຄົ້ນ​ຄ້ວາ​ສໍາລັບ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ແຕ່ລະ​ປະ​ເພດ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ແຕ່ລະ​ເຂດ​ໂດຍ​ປະສານ​ສົມທົບ​ກັບ​ພາກສ່ວນ​ກ່ຽວ​ຂ້ອງ ​ແລະ ອົງການ​ປົກຄອງ​ທ້ອງ​ຖິ່ນ.
    ​ໃນ​ທຸກໆ​ສາມ​ປີ ຫຼື ຫ້າ​ປີ​ໂດຍ​ຂື້ນ​ກັບປະ​ເພດ​ການ​​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ ​ແລະ ກິດຈະການ​ແລ້ວ​ສະ​ເໜີ​ໃຫ້​ລັດຖະບານ​ພິຈາລະນາ​ເພື່ອ​ໃຫ້​ສອດຄ່ອງ​ກັບ​ການ​ຂະຫຍາຍຕົວ​ເສດຖະກິດ ​ແລະ ສັງຄົມ​ໃນ​ແຕ່ລະ​ໄລຍະ​ເພື່ອ​ຄວາມ​ເໝາະ​ສົມ. 
                   ສິດທິ ​ແລະຜົນ​ປະ​ໂຫຍ​ດຂອງ​ຜູ້​​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ມີ​ດັ່ງ​ນີ້:
  1.  ມີ​ສິດ​ຂາຍ​ຊັບ​ສິນ​ທີ່​ເປັນ​ກໍາມະສິດ​ຂອງ​ດ້ານ​ທີ່​ຕິດ​ພັນ​ກັບ​ສັນຍາ​ເຊົ່າ ຫຼື ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ເມື່ອ​ສັນຍາ​ເຊົ່າ ​ແລະ ສໍາ​ປະທານ​ໝົດ​ອາຍຸ​ແຕ່​ລັດ​ມີ​ບູລະ​ມະ​ສິດ​ໃນ​ການ​ຊື້​ຊັບ​ສິນ​ເຫຼົ່າ​ນັນ.

Affected citizens speak of land use problems caused by concessions

Tractors ploughing the land in the villages in Paksong, Champasak.

Allocating land to commercial investment projects can potentially offer improved access to services and expansion of employment opportunities for local communities. However, if environmental and social safeguards and natural resource governance systems are not fully in place the risk of negative impacts is high.

Two Lao language audio files are available to listen where affected citizens speak of problems they are facing after village lands were granted to concessions. Both files have been recorded  in a Lao National Radio (103.7) program.

Expert cautions on ‘land grab’ model

Myanmar Times, February 27, 2012

A visiting land expert has warned against falling for the “dominant model” of land grabbing, which sees small-scale farmers replaced by agri-businesses that are in many cases less productive. Mr Robin Palmer, who has worked on land issues for more than 35 years as both an academic and for British NGO Oxfam, said last week that population pressures and the increasing consumption of meat and dairy products in developing countries were often used to justify plantation farming, with peasant farmers and traditional pastoralists dismissed as “romantic nonsense”.

UN expert calls for guidelines to protect vulnerable people against land grabs

The Guardian, October 6, 2011

Olivier De Schutter, UN special rapporteur on the right to food, calls for consensus before talks this month on land governance, as commercial pressures mount. Governments should be wary of speculation and concentration of ownership when land rights are transferred to investors to “develop” farmland, a UN expert has warned before key UN negotiations on land governance. “We must escape the mental cage that sees large-scale investments as the only way to develop agriculture and to ensure stability of supply for buyers,” said the UN special rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter amid concern among civil society groups about land grabs.

Limits set on future rubber plantations in Laos

Vientiane Times, September 16, 2011

The establishment of large scale rubber plantations is one of the main factors contributing to forest loss in Laos over the past 10 years, Lao land and resources experts announced this week. Deputy Director General of the Land and Natural Resources Research Institute Dr Palikone Thalongsengchanh observed that many rubber plantations have encroached into protected forest areas and pristine water catchment areas.

Rubber landscape in Muangsing, Luang Namtha

He added that past approvals of rubber plantations in most provinces had been conducted without proper surveys, resulting in the loss of many of the country’s big-tree forests.

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