Working towards greater community control over land, forests and natural resources

Archive for the ‘Land Governance / ການຄຸ້ມຄອງທີ່ດິນ’ Category

Govt seeks ways to resolve land conflict issues

Source: Vientiane Times, August 31, 2017

Government officials met in Vientiane yesterday to discuss solutions to land conflict issues across the country with the aim of improving land management and preventing the misuse of land.

The meeting of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment was attended by the Minister, Mr Sommad Pholsena, and other stakeholders from around the country.

Over the past year, there has been widespread misuse of forested and public land. The price of land has continued to rise, especially in cities.


ແຫຼ່ງຂ່າວ: ໜັງສືພິມລາວພັດທະນາລາວຫາລືແຜນແມ່ບົດຈັດສັນ/

ກອງປະຊຸມວິທະຍາສາດເພື່ອຄົ້ນຄວ້າ ແລະ ປະກອບຄຳເຫັນໃສ່ຮ່າງແຜນແມ່ບົດຈັດສັນທີ່ດິນແຫ່ງຊາດ ໄດ້ສໍາເລັດລົງເມື່ອບໍ່ດົນມານີ້, ໂດຍການເປັນປະ ທານຂອງທ່ານ ສົມມາດ ພົນເສນາ ລັດຖະມົນຕີກະຊວງຊັບພະຍາກອນທຳມະຊາດ ແລະ ສິ່ງແວດລ້ອມ ແລະ ໃຫ້ກຽດເຂົ້າຮ່ວມຂອງທ່ານ ບຸນທອງ ຈິດມະນີ ຮອງນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ, ປະທານອົງການກວດກາລັດຖະບານ, ຜູ້ຊີ້ນຳຄະນະສະເພາະກິດ ເພື່ອດຳເນີນການກວດກາ, ສຶກສາຄົ້ນຄວ້າ ແລະ ວິໄຈບັນຫາທີ່ດິນ.

ທ່ານລັດຖະມົນຕີກະຊວງຊັບພະຍາກອນທຳມະຊາດ ແລະ ສິ່ງແວດລ້ອມໄດ້ ກ່າວວ່າ: ການສ້າງແຜນແມ່ບົດຈັດສັນທີ່ດິນແຫ່ງຊາດ ແມ່ນເພື່ອກຳນົດເຂດທົ່ວປະເທດຢ່າງເປັນລະບົບ ແນໃສ່ການວາງແຜນຄຸ້ມຄອງ, ປົກປັກຮັກສາ, ພັດທະນາ ແລະ ນຳໃຊ້ທີ່ດິນຕາມຫລັກວິຊາການ ແລະ ລະບຽບກົດໝາຍ ເຮັດໃຫ້ທີ່ດິນ ກໍຄືຊັບພະຍາກອນທຳມະຊາດຕ່າງໆມີຄວາມຍືນຍົງ.

Govt officials discuss land management and development

Source: Vientiane Times, August 16, 2017

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is focusing on land management and development around the country with aims to better manage land and prevent spread out land use.

Over the past year, land use was still extravagant because the master plan of national land management is not finished yet.

Meanwhile, the price of land is continuing to rise, especially land in the city areas.

It’s causing an issue related to land management and use.

Ministry orders action to address land disputes, unlawful land occupation

Source: Vientiane Times, June 21, 2017
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has ordered provincial and district line departments to take actions to address land disputes, unlawful land occupations and related issues.
The order came as increasing numbers of cases involving land issues have emerged in recent years prompting the government to form a taskforce committee to investigate and address the issues.
Deputy Director General of the Ministry’s Land Administration Department Mr AnothaiChanthalasy told Vientiane Times yesterday that the taskforce committee was required to conclude their works and report their outcomes to the government by October.
It was reported previously that the government has told the committee to inspect land concessions and the transfer of land use rights in various cases after learning these issues had been causal factors in disputed cases emerging in recent years.
The committee will also inspect the implementation of the government’s policy to turn assets into capital, which has seen state departments approaching investors to build new offices for them in suburban areas in exchange for usage of the state lands where their old offices were located, generally closer to the city centre. The inspection came as reports emerged that many projects implemented under the turning-asset-into-capital scheme were not properly included in relevant socio-economic development plans thus were not approved by the National Assembly.
Additionally, many of these projects did not undergo open bidding processes in violation of the relevant regulations.
Additionally, Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith said recently that a number of fake documents had been produced claiming usage rights of state lands by various individuals and organisations.
The inspection will also find out if local people’s lands have been occupied unlawfully as well cases of the inappropriate occupation of proximate state lands by members of such communities.
MrAnothai said Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, MrSommad Pholsena issued several notices giving guidance on how best to take actions to address these issues.” Authorities in charge will carry out a comprehensive inspection into land issues including the inspection of land registrations,” MrAnothai said.
In his notice issued late last month, MrSommad recommended local people facing land disputes approach district offices in charge to seek solutions in line with the relevant laws and regulations.
The minister also called for the district and provincial authorities to collate submissions made by respondents and take appropriate actions to address the particulars of respective cases based on the law.
For those issues which district and provincial departments are unable to address, the officials are called upon to report to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment or higher authorities to seek guidance and solutions.
Those wanting to submit petitions concerning land disputes to the Ministry’s Land Department directly can do so through its reception desk, its petition box or through the ministry’s hotline No 1514.
MrSommad pledged that the Ministry would work with local concerned authorities to address the submitted issues.
He also told the provincial Natural Resources and Environment departments to report progress made in addressing identified land-related issues to the ministry on a regular basis.

Local land handovers unauthorised: Minister

Source: Vientiane Times, May 30, 2017
Community land which has been handed over by village authorities to investors should be all taken back as collective property because the actions of local authorities are against the law.
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Mr Sommad Pholsena tabled this direction in debate at the recent session of the National Assembly (NA).
The assembly quizzed the government about the spread of village authorities giving community land to investors, individuals, companies and organisations for rent or granted in exchange for community roads or other infrastructure facilities.
“I would like to propose the National Assembly as well as Local People’s Assemblies annul the land authorisations made by village authorities,” Mr Sommad said. He referred to the Land Law, which he said gave clear stipulation on the allocation of agricultural land use rights.“The district or municipal administration is in charge of considering and approving the allocation of land use rights for agricultural land under its management to individuals and organisations to use by issuing land certificates to them,” the minister stated from article No.18 of the law.
“These land certificates are valid for three years. During this period, if land has been used in conformity with objectives and regulations, and if there is no objection or claim, or those claims have already been settled, then the individuals and organisations have the right to apply to the land management authorities at the provincial or city level for the issuance of a land title for long-term use rights,” he continued reading the stipulation in the law.
Mr Sommad also highlighted the spread of offences made against stipulations in the law regarding allocation of forest land use rights, use of land around bodies of water, and determining the scope of construction land use rights.
He promised to inspect the offences related to the responsibilities of his ministry such as the issuance of land titles. In an example, he spoke about village chiefs selling community land to private companies or individuals, who later received land titles from the ministry.
Such issuance of land titles would include cases when private companies or individuals wanted to use the land to secure investment finance, according to the minister. He asked NA members and members of provincial people’s councils to keep a close eye on these activities and inform the ministry about any related offences.


ແຫຼ່ງທີ່ມາຂອງຂ່າວ: ໜັງສືພິມເສດຖະກິດ-ການຄ້າ,  7/5/2017ລັດຖະບານຍົກທີ່ດິນເປັນບ/

ບັນຫາທີ່ດິນຍັງເປັນບັນຫາເຄັ່ງຮ້ອນມາຢ່າງຕໍ່ເນື່ອງ ເຊິ່ງກອງປະຊຸມສະໄໝສາມັນຂອງສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດໃນຊຸດຜ່ານໆມາ ກໍ່ໄດ້ຍົກບັນຫາດັ່ງກ່າວ ຖາມເຈາະຈີ້ມຂະແຫນງທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງຢ່າງຕໍ່ເນື່ອງ. ລ້າສຸດໃນກອງປະຊຸມຄັ້ງນີ້ ສະມາຊິກສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ ກໍ່ໄດ້ຕັ້ງຄໍາຊັກຖາມວ່າ: ບັນຫາການໃຫ້ຊຳປະທານທີ່ດິນ ໃຫ້ກັບບໍລິສັດເອກະຊົນ ທັງພາຍໃນ ແລະ ແຕ່ງປະເທດ ແຕ່ບໍລິສັດບໍ່ປະຕິບັດຕາມສັນຍາ (ຈັດຈອງທີ່ດິນແຕ່ບໍ່ພັດທະນາ?) ບັນຫາບໍລິສັດຂະຫຍາຍເນື້ອທີ່ເກີນກຳນົດທີ່ ພາກລັດອະນຸມັດ ເຮັດໃຫ້ປະຊາຊົນໄດ້ຮັບຜົນກະທົບ ແລະ ບັນຫາທີ່ລັດຖະບານອະນຸມັດທີ່ດິນສພຳປະທານໃຫ້ບໍລິສັດຢູ່ໃນເຂດທ້ອງຖິ່ນ ແຕ່ບໍລິສັດເຮັດຕາມໃຈ ບໍ່ຮັບຟັງອຳນາດ ການປົກຄອງທ້ອງຖິ່ນ ເນື່ອງຈາກເປັນໂຄງການທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບອະນຸມັດຈາກລັດຖະບານ, ທາງລັດຖະບານຈະມີວິທີແກ້ໄຂ ແລະ ມາດຕະການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດຄືແນວໃດ?.

ຕໍ່ກັບບັນຫາດັ່ງກ່າວ ທ່ານ ທອງລຸນ ສີສຸລິດ ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ ໄດ້ຊີ້ແຈງຕໍ່ບັນດາ ສສຊ ວ່າ: ບັນຫານການສຳປະທານທີ່ດິນໃຫ້ແກ່ບໍລິສັດລົງທຶນພາຍໃນ ແລະ ຕ່າງປະເທດທີ່ລັດຖະບານ ຫຼື ແຂວງໄດ້ອະນຸມັດ ປັດຈຸບັນມີຫຼາຍບໍລິສັດໄດ້ຮັບອະນຸຍາດ ສຳປະທານແຕ່ບໍ່ປະຕິບັດຕາມລະບຽບກົດໝາຍ, ລະບຽບການທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ, ສັນຍາສຳປະທານ ແລະ ອື່ນໆ; ການບຸກເບີກເນື້ອທີ່ ບໍ່ໄດ້ຮັບອະນຸມັດກໍ່ມີ, ລ່ວງລໍ້າກໍ່ມີ, ກວມເອົາດິນຂອງປະຊາຊົນ, ການພັດທະນາບໍ່ໄປຕາມກຳນົດເວລາ ແລະ ເງືື່ອນໄຂຂອງສັນຍາສຳປະທານ ແລະ ອື່ນໆ.

ທ່ານກ່າວຕື່ມວ່າ: ບັນຫາດັ່ງກ່າວນີ້ແມ່ນມີມາແຕ່ດົນ, ລັດຖະບານຊຸດຜ່ານໆມາກໍ່ໄດ້ພະຍາຍາມແກ້ໄຂ ແຕ່ວ່າຍັງຫຼາຍອັນທີ່ຈະຕ້ອງໄດ້ສືບຕໍ່ແກ້ໄຂ. ລັດຖະບານໄດ້ນຳເອົາບັນຫາທີ່ດິນຂື້ນມາເພື່ອສຶກສາຄົ້ນຄວ້າວ່າ: ການປະຕິບັດກົດໝາຍທີ່ດິນຂອງພວກເຮົາມີ ຈຸດດີ, ຈຸດອ່ອນ ແລະ ຂໍ້ບົກຜ່ອງແນວໃດ? ເຊິ່ງມີຫຼາຍຂໍ້ຈຸດອ່ອນ ແລະ ຂໍ້ບົກຜ່ອງ, ບັນຫາທີ່ຟົດຮ້ອນກໍ່ຄື: ແຂວງມີສິດອະນຸຍາດເທົ່ານັ້ນ ແຕ່ປະຕິບັດຈິງແມ່ນກາຍກັບໂຕທີ່ກຳນົດ, ຕະຫຼອດຮອດເມືອງ ແລະ ບ້ານກໍ່ມີສິດເຊັນໃຫ້ສຳປະທານທີ່ດິນເປັນຕົ້ນ.

ສ່ວນນັດທຸລະກິດສຳປະທານທີ່ດິນ ແຕ່ບໍ່ພັດທະນາຕາມສັນຍາໃຫ້ທ້ອງຖິ່ນລາຍງານຕໍ່ ລັດຖະບານໃຫ້ລົງໄປແກ້ໄຂ ແຕ່ບັນຫາເກີດຂື້ນຜ່ານມານັກລົງທຶນທີ່ໄດ້ສຳປະທານເຂົາເຈົ້າບໍ່ເຄົາລົບການຈັດຕັ້ງທ້ອງຖິ່ນ ເນື່ອງຈາກລັດຖະບານເປັນຜູ້ອະນຸມັດ.

ກອງປະຊຸມສະຫຼຸບຜົນງານຂອງໂຄງການ QDF

ໂດຍ: ແອັດມິນ

ໃນວັນທີ 28 ເດືອນ ເມສາ ປີ 2017 ອົງການ ບ້ານຈຸດສຸມສາກົນ  (VFI) ໄດ້ເປີດກອງປະຊຸມສະຫຼຸບ ການດໍາເນີນງານຂອງ ໂຄງການ QDF. ກອງປະຊຸມຄັ້ງນີ້ແມ່ນໄດ້ຈັດຂື້ນຢູ່ຫ້ອງການຂອງ  VFI ແລະ ໄດ້ມີການນໍາສະເໜີກ່ຽວກັບ ເຄື່ອງມືສື່ສານ ແລະ ປຶກສາຫາລືຊຸມຊົນໃນຂະບວນການຈັດຫາທີ່ດິນ ທີ່ສອດຄ້ອງກັບມາດຖານຂອງ FPIC. ບັນດາກິດຈະກຳ ແລະ ເຄື່ອງມື່ແມ່ນເກີດມາຈາກການຮ່ວມມືກັນ ກັບອົງການຈັດຕັ້ງທາງສັງຄົມ ແລະ  ບັນດາ ບໍລິສັດຕ່າງໆ (ພາກສວ່ນເອກກະຊົນ) ເຊິ່ງນຳພາໂດຍ ບ້ານຈຸດສຸມສາກົນ  (VFI), ບໍລິສັດ ສະຕໍຣາ ເອັນໂຊ ລາວ, ຫ້ອງການ RECOFTC ປະຈຳລາວ, ໂຄງການ LIFE ທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການສະໜັບສະໜູນ ໂດຍ ອົງການ MRLG. ໃນກອງປະຊຸມນີ້ ຍັງໄດ້ເປີດໂອກາດໃຫ້ຜູ້ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມໃນການຖາມ ຄຳຖາມ ແລະ ໂອ້ລົມແລກປ່ຽນນຳກັນກ່ຽວກັບວຽກງານດັ່ງກ່າວ.

ທີມງານຈາກຫ້ອງການ VFI and RECOFTC ປະຈຳລາວ ກຳລັງສະຫຼຸບຜົນງານຂອງການປະຕິບັດໂຄງການ QDF, ວັນທີ 28 ເດືອນ ເມສາ ປີ 2017

ທີມງານຈາກຫ້ອງການ VFI and RECOFTC ປະຈຳລາວ ກຳລັງສະຫຼຸບຜົນງານຂອງການປະຕິບັດໂຄງການ QDF, ວັນທີ 28 ເດືອນ ເມສາ ປີ 2017

ປະເດັນຫຼັກໆໃນການນຳສະເໜີໃນກອປະຊຸມນີ້ກໍ່ຄື ການນຳໃຊ້ບັນດາເຄື່ອງມືການສື່ສານໃນການໃຫ້ຄຳປຶກສາຫາລື ທີ່ທາງທີມງານໄດ້ຜະລິດຂື້ນມາເພື່ອ ນຳໃຊ້ເຂົ້າໃນການອະທີບາຍຂະບວນການກ່ຽວກັບການຈັດຫາທີ່ດິນໃຫ້ແກ່ຊາວບ້ານໃຫ້ມີຄວາມເຂົ້າໃຈກ່ຽວກັບຂະບວນການຫຼາຍຂື້ນ ໂດຍສະເພາະແມ່ນ ການນຳໃຊ້ ໂປສເຕີ ແລະ ວິດີໂອ ທີ່ໄດ້ນຳໃຊ້ເຂົ້າໃນການຝຶກອົບຮົມ ຂອງທີມງານ ກັບ ຊາວບ້ານ.

ໂດຍລວມແລ້ວກິດຈະກຳທີ່ໄດ້ຈັດຂື້ນແມ່ນ ເປັນກໍລະນີສຶກສາ ເຖິງການເອົາໃຈໃສ່ ແລະ ຄວາມຈິງໃຈຂອງການເຮັດວຽກຮ່ວມກັນລະຫວ່າງ ບໍລິສັດ ແລະ ບັນດາບ້ານ.

Final wrap up and showcase meeting of QDF project

By Admin

On 28 April, 2017, Village Focus International (VFI) organized the QDF (Quick Disbursement Fund) project Wrap-up and showcase workshop. The meeting was organized in outdoor zone of Village Focus International office, and presented about the consultation communication tools for improving Land Acquisition Processes in line with FPIC (Free Prior and Informed Consent) standards that was a joint effort between different civil society organisations and an agro-forestry company, and was led by VFI, Stora Enso Laos (SEL), RECOFTC Laos, LIFE Consortium. The project was supported by Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project. In this meeting also opened space for attendee to discuss and ask questions to the team from VFI, RECOFTC Laos and representative from agro-forestry project, Stora Enso Laos.

Gov’t to get tough with dishonest land concession holders

Source: Vientiane Times, April 28, 2017
The government will use tougher measures to regulate concession projects by withdrawing land if no progress is made on the proposed project, while also pushing for authorities at various levels to participate in the process.
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith on behalf of the government made the promise yesterday in response to National Assembly (NA) members’ queries concerning issues surrounding land concessions, which were raised at the ongoing debate session.
The government acknowledged that many concession projects have been awarded, but investors often did not fulfill their obligations with regard to the contract and relevant laws. Many acquired land for the purpose of handing it over to other investors, thereby making a profit.
“If an investor who has been given a concession is found not to proceed with the stated project in the time frame agreed, I ask local authorities to actively investigate and report their findings to the government,” Prime Minister Thongloun said.
He urged the relevant ministries to urgently take action when they received a report indicating possible misconduct.
The issue of investors refusing to obey the requests of local authorities was also raised by Assembly members. In response, Mr Thongloun said concession deals and other development project agreements made at the central or local level must be signed off by local authorities.
Also up for discussion was encroachment onto state land by investors in addition to the land area stated in the concession contract.
“In this case, local authorities have the right to use measures directly to prevent encroachment at the first stage before it continues any further. The authorities should not wait for orders from the government,” Mr Thongloun said. “If local authorities are unable to influence the situation, please inform the related sector or ministry so they can deal with the matter,” he added.
Taking possession of land without putting it to good use not only delays the country’s development but denies other developers the opportunity to use land productively.
“If land is handed over and no development takes place, it will be withdrawn. I want the business sector to understand this,” the prime minister said.
“Effective investment and the implementation of development projects that follow the law will help to strengthen the economy,” he added, noting that the government would not allow a monopoly in investment, but supported competition.
Mr Thongloun told Assembly members that the government had carried out a study on the positives and negatives of the Law on Land, saying a lot of shortcomings were uncovered.
The government is improving its policies before submitting them to the Politburo, which is expected to propose a resolution by the Party Central Committee in order to tackle the issues surrounding land use, according to Mr Thongloun.

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