Working towards greater community control over land, forests and natural resources

Archive for the ‘Investment and concessions / ການລົງທຶນ ແລະ ການສຳປະທານ’ Category

Gov’t to get tough with dishonest land concession holders

Source: Vientiane Times, April 28, 2017
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_Govtto.html
The government will use tougher measures to regulate concession projects by withdrawing land if no progress is made on the proposed project, while also pushing for authorities at various levels to participate in the process.
ThatlungSEZ
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith on behalf of the government made the promise yesterday in response to National Assembly (NA) members’ queries concerning issues surrounding land concessions, which were raised at the ongoing debate session.
The government acknowledged that many concession projects have been awarded, but investors often did not fulfill their obligations with regard to the contract and relevant laws. Many acquired land for the purpose of handing it over to other investors, thereby making a profit.
“If an investor who has been given a concession is found not to proceed with the stated project in the time frame agreed, I ask local authorities to actively investigate and report their findings to the government,” Prime Minister Thongloun said.
He urged the relevant ministries to urgently take action when they received a report indicating possible misconduct.
The issue of investors refusing to obey the requests of local authorities was also raised by Assembly members. In response, Mr Thongloun said concession deals and other development project agreements made at the central or local level must be signed off by local authorities.
Also up for discussion was encroachment onto state land by investors in addition to the land area stated in the concession contract.
“In this case, local authorities have the right to use measures directly to prevent encroachment at the first stage before it continues any further. The authorities should not wait for orders from the government,” Mr Thongloun said. “If local authorities are unable to influence the situation, please inform the related sector or ministry so they can deal with the matter,” he added.
Taking possession of land without putting it to good use not only delays the country’s development but denies other developers the opportunity to use land productively.
“If land is handed over and no development takes place, it will be withdrawn. I want the business sector to understand this,” the prime minister said.
“Effective investment and the implementation of development projects that follow the law will help to strengthen the economy,” he added, noting that the government would not allow a monopoly in investment, but supported competition.
Mr Thongloun told Assembly members that the government had carried out a study on the positives and negatives of the Law on Land, saying a lot of shortcomings were uncovered.
The government is improving its policies before submitting them to the Politburo, which is expected to propose a resolution by the Party Central Committee in order to tackle the issues surrounding land use, according to Mr Thongloun.

Lao companies to benefit from railway project: Officials

Source: Vientiane Times,April 21, 2017

http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_Laocompanies.htm
Officials in charge have confirmed that Lao construction companies will benefit from the almost-US$6 billion railway project linking Vientiane to the Chinese border.

Director of the Laos-China Railway construction project and Director of the Lao National Railway Company, Dr Koung Souk-Aloun, told Vientiane Times on Wednesday that a list of 59 companies has been submitted to the Chinese side for selection.

�We have sent them [the Chinese side] 59 companies, not 20 companies. The selection process is underway and hopefully Lao companies will be hired to undertake some of the work on the railroad project,� he said.

Xayaboury to Halt Banana Plantations mid This Year

The northern province of Xayaboury has decided that as of mid-this year, no more Chinese investments in banana plantations will be allowed. Currently, there are over 520 ha of banana plantations in the province.

Chinese banana plantation investments are suspected as the cause of several problems including the over-use of chemical fertilizers, herbicides and insecticides which have failed to comply with required standards, thus affecting local communities and the environment.

Ministry to closely monitor agri-business

Vientiane Times, February 7, 2017.
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_Ministry.htm

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry will this year closely monitor domestic and foreign investment in this sector as it believes that many companies have not implemented the agreements made or complied with stipulated feasibility study methods.The ministry will strictly apply management measures to investors and companies that have made no progress with their proposed projects or had an adverse impact on local communities and the environment.However, the ministry has not revealed the numbers and names of the companies concerned, the ministry reported at its annual meeting in Vientiane at the end of last year.Last year, 733 domestic and foreign companies agreed to invest in the agriculture and forestry sector in Laos with total investment of US$3.55 billion while US$1.74 billion of registered funding was allocated to land concessions on about 467,980 hectares.

Some 107 companies invested in livestock projects with funding of US$338.88 million, 345 companies invested in agriculture with funding of about US$1.22 billion, 232 companies invested in tree plantations with funding of about US$1.96 billion, and 49 companies ploughed US$34 million into service sector projects.

PM vows to address chronic land issues

Vientiane Times, February 6, 2017

Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith has pledged to find solutions to the many land issues that have emerged and the government has formed a task force committee to investigate the problems and resolve them.

The committee will investigate land concessions, the transfer of land use rights in various cases, implementation of the government’s policy to turn assets into capital, and the occupation of land by local people among other concerns, after these issues have caused land disputes and problems.

ທ່ານນາຍົກປະຕິຍານຈະແກ້ໄຂບັນຫາທີ່ດິນຄຸມເຄືອ

ຂ່າວແປຈາກ ໜັງສືພີມ ວຽງຈັນທາມ ວັນທີ 6 ກຸມພາ 2017

ທ່ານນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີທອງລຸນ ສີສຸລິດ ໄດ້ໃຫ້ຄໍາໝັ້ນສັນຍາວ່າຈະຫາວິທີແກ້ໄຂບັນຫາທີ່ດິນທີ່ພົ້ນເດັ່ນ ແລະ ລັດຖະບານ ໄດ້ແຕ່ງຕັ້ງຄະນະກຳມະການສະເພາະກິດເພື່ອກວດກາຄືນບັນຫາດັ່ງກ່າວເພື່ອແກ້ໄຂ.

ຄະນະກຳມະການດັ່ງກ່າວຈະກວດກາບັນຫາການສຳປະທານທີ່ດິນ, ການໂອນກຳມະສິດທີ່ດິນໃນກໍລະນີ ຕ່າງໆ, ການ ປະຕິບັດນະໂຍບາຍຫັນຊັບສິນເປັນທຶນ, ບັນຫາທີ່ປະຊາຊົນຈັບຈອງທີ່ດິນ ແລະ ບັນຫາອຶ່ນໆ ພາຍຫລັງ ທີ່ພົບວ່າບັນຫາເລົ່ານີ້ໄດ້ກໍ່ໃຫ້ເກີດຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງທີ່ດິນ.

ທ່ານນາຍົກໄດ້ກ່າວຕໍ່ກອງປະຊຸມປະຈຳປີ 2016 ຂອງຂະແໜງປ້ອງກັນຄວາມສະຫງົບ ເຊິ່ງໄດ້ຈັດຂຶ້ນທີ່ ນະ ຄອນຫລວງວຽງຈັນເມື່ອໝໍ່ໆມານີ້ວ່າ: ຜ່ານມາໄດ້ມີການປອມເອກະສານເພື່ອຄອບຄອງສິດນຳໃຊ້ທີ່ດິນ, ສິດນຳ ໃຊ້ທີ່ດິນກາຍເປັນຂອງຜູ້ນັ້ນຜູ້ນີ້.

ທ່ານນາຍົກໄດ້ກ່າວວ່າບັນຫາເລົ່ານີ້ໄດ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ທີ່ດິນລັດຫລຸດລົງ. ຄະນະກຳມະການດັ່ງກ່າວຈະດຳເນີນ ການກວດກາເບິ່ງວ່າການສຳປະທານທີ່ດິນແມ່ນຖືກຕ້ອງແລ້ວບໍ່, ການໂອນກຳມະສິດທີ່ດິນໃນກໍລະນີຕ່າງໆ ແມ່ນຖືກຕ້ອງແລ້ວຫລືບໍ່, ການຫັນຊັບສິນເປັນທຶນເຮັດເໝາະສົມແລ້ວຫລືບໍ່ແລ້ວມີການສວຍໃຊ້ອຳນາດເພື່ອຜົນ ປະໂຫຍດສ່ວນຕົວ. ການກວດກາຍັງຈະເບິ່ງວ່າມີການຍຶດຈອງທີ່ດິນຂອງປະຊາຊົນທີ່ຜິດກົດໝາຍຫລືບໍ່ ລວມທັງ ບັນຫາທີ່ປະຊາຊົນຍຶດຈອງທີ່ດິນລັດທີ່ບໍ່ເໝາະສົມ.

ລັດຖະບານໄດ້ມອບໃຫ້ຄະນະກຳມະການດັ່ງກ່າວ, ເຊິ່ງຊີ້ນຳໂດຍຜ່ານ ທ່ານ ປອ ບຸນທອງ ຈິດມະນີ ຮອງນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ ແລະ ຫົວໜ້າອົງການກວດກາແຫ່ງລັດ, ກວດກາ ແລະ ວິໃຈບັນຫາທີ່ດິນທີ່ພົ້ນເດັ່ນ ເລົ່ານັ້ນມາລາຍງານໃຫ້ລັດຖະບານພາຍໃນເດືອນຕຸລາ. ຜົນຂອງການກວດກາດັ່ງກ່າວຈະໄດ້ລາຍງານໃຫ້ກົມການເມືອງ, ສູນກາງພັກ ແລະ ສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ ເພື່ອຂໍທິດຊີ້ນຳ ແລະ ວິທີແກ້ໄຂ. ພະນັກງານທ່ານໜຶ່ງຂອງອົງການກວດ ສອບແຫ່ງລັດໄດ້ກ່າວວ່າການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດນະໂຍບາຍຫັນຊັບສິນເປັນທຶນແມ່ນໜຶ່ງໃນບັນຫາທີ່ທາງອົງການກວດສອບແຫ່ງລັດ ກຳລັງດຳເນີນການກວດສອບຢູ່ເພື່ອເບິ່ງວ່ານະໂຍບາຍດັ່ງກ່າວຖືກຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດຢ່າງຖືກຕ້ອງຫລືບໍ່.

ລັດຖະບານໄດ້ອອກນະໂຍບາຍດັ່ງກ່າວເມື່ອຫລາຍປີຜ່ານມາ. ເຊິ່ງຜົນຂອງການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດເຫັນວ່າຫລາຍ ອົງການລັດກໍ່ໄດ້ໃຫ້ນັກລົງທຶນມາສ້າງສຳນັກງານໃຫ້ໃຫມ່ໃນເຂດນອກຕົວເມືອງເພື່ອແລກປ່ຽນກັບດິນລັດໃນຕົວເມືອງທີ່ ສຳນັກງານເກົ່າຕັ້ງຢູ່. ນີ້ກໍ່ໝາຍຄວາມວ່າອົງການລັດສາມາດມີຫ້ອງການໃຫມ່ໂດຍທີ່ລັດຖະບານບໍ່ຕ້ອງໄດ້ຈັດສັນ ງົບປະມານມາສ້າງຫ້ອງການໃຫມ່ດັ່ງກ່າວ. ນະໂຍບາຍນີ້ຍັງສົ່ງເສີມຄວາມພະຍາຍາມຂອງລັດຖະບານເພື່ອຍ້າຍ ບັນດາຫ້ອງການລັດຢູ່ໃນຕົວເມືອງອອກໄປຢູ່ເຂດນອກທີ່ບໍ່ແອອັດເພື່ອຫລຸດຜ່ອນບັນຫາຈາລະຈອນຕິດຂັດ ແຕ່ວ່າມີ ຫລາຍບັນຫາເກີດຂຶ້ນເມື່ອຫລາຍອົງການລັດບໍ່ໄດ້ລາຍງານໂຄງການທີ່ປະຕິບັດພາຍໃຕ້ນະໂຍບາຍຫັນຊັບສິນເປັນທຶນ ໃຫ້ກະຊວງແຜນການ ແລະ ການລົງທຶນຮັບຊາບ, ດັ່ງນັ້ນໂຄງການເລົ່ານີ້ບໍ່ໄດ້ລວມເຂົ້າໃນແຜນ ພັດທະນາເສດຖະກິດ-ສັງຄົມນັ້ນໝາຍຄວາມວ່າໂຄງການເລົ່ານີ້ບໍ່ໄດ້ຖືກຮັບຮອງໂດຍສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ.   ຍິ່ງໄປກວ່ານັ້ນໂຄງການເລົ່ານີ້ບໍ່ໄດ້ຜ່ານ ຂັ້ນຕອນການປະມູນເຊິ່ງສ້າງຄວາມເປັນຫ່ວງວ່າມັນອາດຈະເປັນຊອງວ່າງໃຫ້ເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ຮັບຜິດຊອບທີ່ຂາດວິໃນຫາຜົນປະ ໂຫຍດສ່ວນຕົວ. ດ້ວຍເຫດນັ້ນ, ລັດຖະບານຈຶ່ງໄດ້ສັ່ງໂຈະການປະຕິບັດນະໂຍບາຍດັ່ງກ່າວຕາມການ ຮ້ອງຂໍຂອງສະພາເພື່ອທົບທວນຄືນນະໂຍບາຍ ແລະ ວາງມາດຕະການເພີ້ມເຕີ້ມເພື່ອປິດຊອງວ່າງ.

Kasy town to be relocated to make way for railway

Vientiane Times January 3, 2017

By Khonesavanh Latsaphao

The urban centre of Kasy district in Vientiane province will be relocated to an area near the Kasy road to allow for construction of the Laos-China railway.

A plot of flat land located in the Kasy road area has been allocated, requiring the relocation of about 400 houses and government offices that currently line Road 13 North.

Director of the provincial Public Works and Transport Department, Mr. Soumountha Somchanmavong, told Vientiane Times on Friday that dirt roads have already been built in the area where the town will be relocated.

What can be done to mitigate the harmful effects of mining?

Vientiane Times, November 7, 2016

http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/sub-new/Opinion/Opinion_what260.htm

Mining operations are proliferating in Laos but many of them are not utilising environmentally friendly practices, adversely affecting local communities and failing to comply with government regulations. Vientiane Times went to the National Assembly to ask members about their experiences of these issues in their home constituency.

ຈັດສັນທຶນ ເພື່ອຈ່າຍທົດແທນຄືນ ​ໃຫ້ແກ່ຜູ້ທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບຜົນກະທົບຈາກ​ໂຄງການສ້າງທາງລົດໄຟ

ໜັງສືພີມວຽງຈັນທາມສ ວັນທີ 27/09/2016,

ສົມສັກ ປອງຂາວ

 

ລັດຖະບານ ໄດ້ຈັດສັນ ທຶນຈໍານວນ 5 ຕື້ກີບ ໃຫ້ແກ່ບັນດາອໍານາດການປົກຄອງ ເພື່ອ ຈ່າຍທົດແທນຄືນ ໃຫ້ແກ່ຜູ້ທີ່ຈະເສຍທີ່ດິນ ເມື່ອມີການກໍ່ສ້າງທາງລົດໄຟ.

ເຖິງຢ່າງໃດກໍ່ຕາມ, ການຈ່າຍຕົວຈິງ ແມ່ນຈະໄດ້ຮັບການປະຕິບັດໂດຍ ບໍລິສັດຮ່ວມທຶນ ທີ່ສ້າງສ້າງທາງລົດໄຟ, ຈາກງົບປະມານຂອງໂຄງການ ເກືອບ 6 ຕື້ ໂດລາອາເມລິກາ.

ການຈ່າຍທົດແທນຄືນ ແລະ ການປັກຫຼັກໝາຍ ເສັ້ນທາງລົດໄຟ ຕ້ອງໃຫ້ສໍາເລັດໄວທີ່ສຸດເທົ່າທີ່ສາມາດເຮັດໄດ້ ເພື່ອເຮັດໃຫ້ ການກໍ່ສ້າງທາງລົດໄຟປະຫວັດສາດດັ່ງກ່າວສາມາດເລີ່ມຕົ້ນໄດ້ໃນເດືອນ ທັນວານີ້.

ການປັກຫຼັກໝາຍລະອຽດ ຂອງຂອບເຂດໂຄງການ ຜ່ານ ສະຖານີລົດໄຟ ໃນ ເມືອງ ວັງວຽງ, ເມືອງ ຫຼວງພະບາງ ແລະ ແຂວງອຸດົມໄຊ ແມ່ນມີຄວາມຈໍາເປັນຫຼາຍ ກ່ອນການກໍ່ສ້າງຈະສາມາດເລີ່ມຕົ້ນ.

ເມື່ອການກໍ່ສ້າງສໍາເລັດ, ທາງລົດໄຟດັ່ງກ່າວ ຈະເຊື່ອມຕໍ່ ນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ ກັບ ຊາຍແດນຈີນ ໃນໄລຍະທາງ 427 ກິໂລແມັດ.

ປະຈຸບັນ, ບັນດາອົງການລັດຖະບານ ກໍາລັງຈັດສໍາມະນາຕ່າງໆ ເພື່ອ ແຈ້ງການໃຫ້ບັນດາພະນັກງານຊາບ ກ່ຽວກັບຄວາມສໍາຄັນ ແລະ ຜົນປະໂຫຍດທາງດ້ານເສດຖະກິດ ຂອງທາງລົດໄຟ ຕໍ່ປະເທດລາວ.

ກະຊວງການຕ່າງປະເທດ ໄດ້ຈັດສໍາມະນາຂື້ນ ໃນນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ ໃນອາທິດທີ່ຜ່ານມາ, ເຊິ່ງນໍາສະເໜີໂດຍ ຮອງລັດຖະມົນຕີກະຊວງການຕ່າງປະເທດ ທ່ານ ແສງເພັດ ຮຸ່ງບຸນຫວາງ.

New miners to come under scrutiny in Laos

Vientiane Times July 20, 2016

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