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Archive for the ‘Agriculture and agribusiness / ກະສິກໍາ ແລະ ທຸລະກິດກະສິກຳ’ Category

Research team proposes better banana plantation management

Vientiane Times, April 4, 2016.

An agricultural research team has called for the government to formulate and enforce policies and measures to manage banana plantation investments in Laos after they were shown to have negative impacts on society and the environment. The team from the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) and the National University of Laos recently conducted a study on banana plantations, supported by various international organisations. Its recommendations include the formulation of appropriate market policies in order to avoid the risks of failing prices and policy implementation for the proper enforcement of environmental laws.

Bokeo Governor imposes ban on expansion of banana farms

By Phetsamone

(KPL) The Governor of Bokeo Province Khamphanh Pheuyavong has imposed a ban on the further expansion of banana plantations invested in by foreign investors in the province. The area of banana plantation investments by foreign companies currently stands at over 10,000 ha.  “Impacts on the environment and nearby communities partly results from the fact that relevant government authorities failed to carry out proper management and monitoring of the issue. As a result, chemical fertilizers and harmful herbicides and pesticides have been used by foreign investors,” said Governor Khamphanh Pheuyavong.

Agriculture ministry to pursue three focal targets

Vientiane Times, February 2, 2016

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has announced it will pursue three focal targets set to ensure food security, greater commercial production and sustainable forestry management. In its five-year plan provided recently, the ministry revealed the first target is to secure food production with sufficient nutrition. In this regard, the ministry will pursue the annual production of 2.5 million tonnes of paddy rice via government-introduced food security projects. Of which, between 200,000 and 400,000 tonnes will be stockpiled as national reserve.

Another target is for the production of the five food groups to reach an average of 2,600 kilocalories per person per day. In addition, the ministry has announced, as identified in the second target, to produce more commodities with better quality on a commercial basis with focus on producing clean and organic farm products. The ministry said organic farm produce were in high demand in markets of other Asean member countries, China, Japan and the Republic of Korea. Foodstuffs production has increased in recent years paving the way to attain the set target, thanks to incentive policies and regulations introduced to facilitate production. Nationwide production of rice increased from just 3.06 million tonnes in 2011 to 4.2 million tonnes in 2015, which enabled Laos to export some surplus. Production of other foodstuffs increased from 1.23 million tonnes in 2011 to 1.41 million tonnes in 2015.
Domestic average annual production and supply of meats, chickens and eggs increased from 48 kilograms per person in 2011 to 55 kilograms per person in 2015 meeting the targeted plan.
As a result, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations certified in 2015 that Laos had achieved millennium development goal I (MDG 1) on eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. Zoning projects have been established to promote clean and organic production of crops such as coffee, cassava, jobs tear, bananas, rice, and watermelons among others. Notably, Laos has started to export rice to China and is expected to increase these exports to 8,000 tonnes in the immediate future generating income of US$6 million (more than 48.4 billion kip). Livestock farms have increased in number, highlighted by a Japanese investor’s large and modern farm in XiengKhuang province to rear thousands of head of cattle. In a move to ensure sustainable management of forests, a survey has been completed to facilitate the allocation of 51 production forest areas. Allocation of production forest will assist logging plans. The ministry said it would continue to complete the allocation of production forest areas and village forest areas across the country to facilitate sustainable forestry management.

ວິ­ໄສ​ທັດ​ ພັດ­ທະ­ນາ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ​ຂອງ​ໂຄງ­ການ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟ­ຟ້າ​ນ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1

“ເສດຖະກິດ-ສັງຄົມ” 16 ພະຈິກ 2015

ການ​ສ້າງ​ອາ­ຊີບ ແລະ​ ຍົກ​ສູງຄຸນ​ນະ​ພາບ​ຊີ­ວິດ​ຄື​ວິ­ໄສ​ທັດ​ພັດ­ທະ­ນາຊຸມ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ກໍ່­ສ້າງ​ ໂຄງ­ການ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟຟ້າ​ນ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1 ຊຶ່ງ​ແນ­ໃສ່​ສ້າງ​ຄວາມເຂັ້ມ­ແຂງ​ໃຫ້​ປະ­ຊາ­ຊົນ​ປະ­ມານ 3.000 ຄົນ ທີ່​ຈະ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະ­ທົບ​ຈາກການ​ກໍ່­ສ້າງ​ເຂື່ອນ ທັງ​ນີ້​ທາງ​ໂຄງ­ການກໍ​ໄດ້​ປະ­ສານ​ງານ​ກັບ​ອຳ­ນາດ​ການ​ປົກຄອງ​ທ້ອງ­ຖິ່ນ ແລະ​ລົງ​ເຮັດ​ວຽກ​ຮ່ວມກັບ​ສະ­ມາ­ຊິກ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ ໂດຍ​ອີງ­ໃສ່​ແນວທາງ​ນະ­ໂຍ­ບາຍ​ຂອງ​ພັກ ແລະ​ລັດ​ຖະບານ ທັງ​ພ້ອມ​ປະ­ຕິ­ບັດ​ຕາມ​ມາດ­ຖານສາ­ກົນ​ໃນ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ອອກ​ແບບ ແລະ ຈັດ​ຕັ້ງ​ປະ­ຕິ­ບັດ​ການ​ຊົດ​ເຊີຍ ລວມ​ໄປເຖິງ​ແຜນ​ງານ​ປັບ­ປຸງ​ຊີ­ວິດ​ການ​ເປັນ​ຢູ່ໃຫ້​ແກ່​ຄົນ​ໃນ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ ເພື່ອ​ຮັບ­ປະ­ກັນວ່າ​ຊາວ­ບ້ານ​ທີ່​ຖືກ​ຍົກ­ຍ້າຍ​ຈະ​ມີ​ຊີ­ວິດ​ການ​ເປັນ​ຢູ່​ ທີ່​ດີ​ຂຶ້ນ​ກວ່າ​ເກົ່າ.

   ອີງ​ຕາມ​ການ​ສະ­ເໜີ​ຂ່າວ​ຂອງໜັງ­ສື­ພິມ ປະ­ຊາ­ຊົນ ສະ­ບັບ​ວັນ​ທີ 26 ຕຸ­ລາ 2015 ຜ່ານ​ມາ​ໄດ້​ລາຍ​ງານ​ວ່າ ໂຄງ­ການ​ກໍ່­ສ້າງ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟ­ຟ້າ​ນ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1 ພວມ​ກະ­ກຽມ​ຍົກ­ຍ້າຍ​ປະ­ຊາ­ຊົນ​ທີ່ຄາດ​ວ່າ​ຈະ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະ­ທົບ​ຈາກ​ໂຄງ ການ​ລວມ​ມີບ້ານ​ຫາດ​ຊາຍ​ຄຳ ແຂວງບໍ​ລິ​ຄຳ​ໄຊ ແລະ​ອີກ​ສີ່​ໝູ່​ບ້ານ​ທີ່​ຂຶ້ນ​ກັບເມືອງ​ຮົ່ມ ແຂວງ​ໄຊ​ສົມ­ບູນ ຊຶ່ງ​ຢູ່​ໃນ ຂອບ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ຕັ້ງ​ໂຄງ­ການ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟ­ຟ້ານ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1 ແລະ​ຄາດ​ວ່າ​ຈະ​ຖືກ​ນ້ຳຖ້ວມ​ພາຍ­ຫຼັງ​ການ​ກໍ່­ສ້າງ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟ­ຟ້າສຳ­ເລັດ​ໃນ ​ປີ 2018 ສຳ­ລັບ​ເຂື່ອນ​ໄຟ ຟ້າ​ນ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1 ແມ່ນ​ມີ​ກຳ­ລັງ​ຕິດ​ຕັ້ງ 290 ເມ​ກາ​ວັດ ໃນ​ນັ້ນ​ກະ­ແສ​ໄຟ­ຟ້າ ປະ­ມານ 93% ຈະ​ຖືກ​ສົ່ງ​ຂາຍ​ໃຫ້­ການໄຟ­ຟ້າ​ຝ່າຍ​ຜະ­ລິດ​ແຫ່ງ​ປະ­ເທດ​ໄທ ສ່ວນ​ທີ່​ເຫຼືອ​ຈະ​ຂາຍ​ໃຫ້​ບໍ­ລິ­ສັດ​ໄຟ­ຟ້າ ລາວ.

ຢ່າງ­ໃດ​ກໍ​ດີ ເພື່ອ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ​ໄດ້ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະ­ທົບ​ໜ້ອຍ​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ຈາກ​ການ​ດຳເນີນ​ ໂຄງ­ການ​ດັ່ງ­ກ່າວ ຈິ່ງ​ມີ​ການ​ວາງ ແຜນ ແລະ​ດຳ­ເນີນ​ງານ​ຕ່າງໆ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບການ​ພັດ­ທະ­ນາ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ​ທັງ​ນີ້ ທ່ານ ນິ​ລັນດອນ ຖາ­ວອນ​ສຸກ ຫົວ­ໜ້າ​ທີມ​ງານ ດ້ານ​ການ​ພັດ­ທະ­ນາ​ຊີ­ວິດ​ການ​ເປັນ​ຢູ່ຂອງ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ໂຄງ­ການ​ ເຂື່ອນໄຟ­ຟ້າ​ນ້ຳ​ງຽບ 1 ກໍ​ໄດ້​ເປີດ­ເຜີຍ​ວ່າ “ໄດ້​ມີ​ການ​ສະ­ໜອງ​ທຶນ​ໃນ​ເບື້ອງ​ຕົ້ນ ແລະ​ຊ່ວຍ​ຊາວ­ບ້ານ​ກະ­ກຽມ​ໜອງ​ປາ ແລະ​ເນື້ອ­ທີ່​ສຳ­ລັບ​ເຮັດ​ການ​ຜະ­ລິດໄປ​ພ້ອມ​ກັບ​ການ​ຝຶກ​ອົບ­ຮົມ​ ປະ­ຊາ­ຊົນໃຫ້​ຮູ້​ວິ­ທີ​ປູກ​ຜັກ ແລະ​ລ້ຽງ­ສັດ ເພື່ອເປັນ​ອາ­ຫານ ແລະ​ເປັນ​ສິນ­ຄ້າອີກ​ທັງໄດ້​ນຳ­ພາ​ປະ­ຊາ­ຊົນ​ໄປ​ທັດ­ສະ­ນະ​ສຶກສາ​ບັນ­ດາ​ ໂຄງ­ການ​ພັດ­ທະ­ນາ​ຕ່າງໆ​ທີ່ມີ​ຮູບ​ແບບ​ຄ້າຍ­ຄື​ກັນ ເພື່ອ​ໃຫ້​ເຂົາ­ເຈົ້າເຂົ້າ­ໃຈ  ແລະ​ສາ­ມາດ​ນຳ​ໃຊ້​ຄວາມ​ຮູ້​ທີ່ໄດ້​ຮຽນ​ໄດ້​ເຫັນ​ມາ​ ເພື່ອ​ນຳ​ໃຊ້​ເຂົ້າໃນ​ການ​ຜະ­ລິດ​ກະ­ສິ­ກຳ​ອັນ​ຈະ​ນຳລາຍ​ໄດ້​ມາ​ໃຫ້​ຄອບ­ຄົວ ແລະ​ຊຸມ​ຊົນ”.

Villagers and eucalypt concession cooperation benefits community

Vientiane Times, July 27, 2015.

The promotion of industrial trees is a key priority of the government for long term socio-economic development. Thousands of hectares of land were approved by the government for concessions to Lao and foreign companies for industrial tree plantations such as rubber, eucalyptus and teak.

Borikhamxay rubber farmers selling land to clear debts

Vientiane Times, July 17, 2015

Rubber growers in Borikhamxay province are placing for sale signs up on their land in a desperate attempt to relieve debt problems. An official from the provincial Agriculture and Forestry Department, who asked not to be named, told Vientiane Times on Thursday that rubber tree plantations have been advertised for sale across the province. Local growers have decided to sell their land because of the low price of rubber and to repay debts. “They’re in debt because they borrowed money from the banks to plant their rubber trees,” he explained.

Food for thought

Bangkok Post 25th May 2015 – Business News

Childhood nutrition remains poor in Laos, where allocation of large land concessions to investors could be one factor undermining food security
For more details please read article in the below link:

http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/news/571871/food-for-thought

Govt seeks funding to accelerate reforestation

Vientiane Times, 28 May 2015

The government is planning to source funding of 4 billion kip a year in the hope of achieving its reforestation goal of 16.6 million hectares by 2020. The money will be used to carry out surveys and allocate forest land, promote tree planting by the public, and encourage people to participate in reforestation and forest fire prevention, Deputy Director General of the Department of Forestry, Mr Boualy Phameuang, told Vientiane Times yesterday.

Govt plans more tree

Vientiane Times, 21st May 2015

Laos will have more new tree planting this year, well in excess of the target set in the government’s plan. The government had planned to encourage people around the country, including government offices and business operators, to plant 30,000 hectares of new trees but the Department of Forestry Deputy Director General, Mr Boualy Phameuang, said he was confident that this figure would be surpassed as society generally has become more aware of the need for greater forest cover.

Rubber prices may decrease in Luang Namtha

Vientiane Times, 23 April 2015

Some 500 to 600 hectares of rubber plantation in Sing district, Luang Namtha province are currently being destroyed by the owners of the plantations due to the slump in prices, according to a trade official. The rubber price on the world market has continuously declined over the past few years and consequently the rubber price in Laos has crashed as well.

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